General Presentation

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Church in slon

Romania -the easternmost Latin country, land of legends and true heroism in its people's struggle for liberty, is the place where the Roman Empire has left probably the most profound and astonishing traces in language and civilisation. 

True heroism is about the Dacians' stiff resistance (note: Dacians are the primary inhabitants of present Romania) to Roman Legions, for about one century, finally but hardly submitted by emperor Trajanus. So hard and painful was the victory, that the mighty emperor himself, willing to immortalise the priceless conquest, gave order to be erected, in the very centre of Rome, a unique monument -The Column of Trajanus, still dwelling today as a prove for those tragic events. 

The legend is about "Count Dracula" -the "fearful vampire", in fact a "very" real mediaeval king, who found a bloody but dreadfully efficient method to eradicate the generalised burglary and crime around the country -not by beheading or hanging the convicts (which was, in that time, the most used punishment applied by law), but by impaling them to death, using huge wooden sharp poles. Chronicles say that the "method" was so fiercely effective, that any traveller could leave all his money in the streets, and find it untouched the other day. 

Roman and Latin traces are everywhere: in the language (i.e. more than 98% of the vocabulary is based on Latin; Romanian is the only romance language still keeping the original form of thanking "multum est", transformed in the present "multumesc"), in geographical names (i.e. rivers like "Olt"-Roman name "Alutus", "Arges" -Roman name "Argesus", etc.), in traditions (i.e. a pre-Christian winter carol still used to wish good fortune for the next year, where the lyrics tell us about "lord Trajan, driving his horse carriage through the snow"), in archaeological sites (like the ruins of the ancient Danube bridge built by Apollodor of Damascus, or the ruins of ancient Black Sea harbours -Tomis, Callatis), etc.